See Also: Main Members
When widgets receive an event, they frequently emit one or more signals. Signals notify your program that "something interesting happened" by invoking functions you've connected to the signal with g_signal_connect(). Functions connected to a signal are often termed callbacks.
When your callbacks are invoked, you would typically take some action - for example, when an Open button is clicked you might display a GtkFileSelectionDialog. After a callback finishes, GTK+ will return to the main loop and await more user input.