System.String.Split Method

Returns a string array that contains the substrings in this string that are delimited by elements of a specified Unicode character array. Parameters specify the maximum number of substrings to return and whether to return empty array elements.


public string[] Split (char[] separator, int count, StringSplitOptions options)


An array of Unicode characters that delimit the substrings in this string, an empty array that contains no delimiters, or null.
The maximum number of substrings to return.
StringSplitOptions.RemoveEmptyEntries to omit empty array elements from the array returned; or StringSplitOptions.None to include empty array elements in the array returned.


An array whose elements contain the substrings in this string that are delimited by one or more characters in separator. For more information, see the Remarks section.


Delimiter characters are not included in the elements of the returned array.

If this instance does not contain any of the characters in separator, or the count parameter is 1, the returned array consists of a single element that contains this instance. If the separator parameter is null or contains no characters, white-space characters are assumed to be the delimiters. White-space characters are defined by the Unicode standard and return true if they are passed to the char.IsWhiteSpace(char) method. However, if the separator parameter in the call to this method overload is null, compiler overload resolution fails. To unambiguously identify the called method, your code must indicate the type of the null. The following example shows several ways to unambiguously identify this overload.

code reference: System.String.Split#3

If the count parameter is zero, or the options parameter is StringSplitOptions.RemoveEmptyEntries and the length of this instance is zero, an empty array is returned.

Each element of separator defines a separate delimiter character. If the options parameter is StringSplitOptions.None, and two delimiters are adjacent or a delimiter is found at the beginning or end of this instance, the corresponding array element contains string.Empty.

If there are more than count substrings in this instance, the first count minus 1 substrings are returned in the first count minus 1 elements of the return value, and the remaining characters in this instance are returned in the last element of the return value.

If count is greater than the number of substrings, the available substrings are returned and no exception is thrown.

Performance Considerations

The erload:System.String.Split methods allocate memory for the returned array object and a string object for each array element. If your application requires optimal performance or if managing memory allocation is critical in your application, consider using the erload:System.String.IndexOf or erload:System.String.IndexOfAny method, and optionally the erload:System.String.Compare method, to locate a substring within a string.

If you are splitting a string at a separator character, use the erload:System.String.IndexOf or erload:System.String.IndexOfAny method to locate a separator character in the string. If you are splitting a string at a separator string, use the erload:System.String.IndexOf or erload:System.String.IndexOfAny method to locate the first character of the separator string. Then use the erload:System.String.Compare method to determine whether the characters after that first character are equal to the remaining characters of the separator string.

In addition, if the same set of characters is used to split strings in multiple erload:System.String.Split method calls, consider creating a single array and referencing it in each method call. This significantly reduces the additional overhead of each method call.


Namespace: System
Assembly: mscorlib (in mscorlib.dll)
Assembly Versions:,
Since: .NET 2.0